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Development Agencies

 

In order to achieve our country's 2023 targets, it is of great importance that the welfare of the country is spread evenly across the country. Development Agencies, which have been carrying out their activities for more than 10 years, come to the forefront as the leading actors in regional development. On the one hand, development agencies transfer the global developments to the local level, and on the other hand, they carry local potential, assets, advantages and originalities to global markets.

Having a flexible and dynamic structure, the agencies carry out their activities in various fields such as R&D and innovation, entrepreneurship, development of university-industry cooperation, tourism, rural development and social innovation. Agencies conduct various researches and analyses in order to determine the needs of the regions. They give financial and technical support programs for the projects, which increase production, create innovation, added value and employment in line with the priorities of the regions.

Unlike the regional development policies previously adopted, development agencies aim to develop regional policies with a bottom-up approach. These organizations, which are public legal entities, ensure the participation of all stakeholders in the region during planning, programming and implementation processes through the development board and the board of directors. Investment support offices operating in the provinces within the agencies also contribute to the development of entrepreneurship in the region by providing the services requested by the private sector investors.

Development agencies implement flexible, solution-oriented development programs aimed at meeting the needs of regional socioeconomic development. The main objective of the Attraction Centres Support Program (CMDP), which was implemented in 2007, is to provide acceleration to the economic development of these centres by providing strategic support to urban centres in relatively underdeveloped regions. These urban centres have high growth and service potential to provide development in periphery and help to keep immigration within the region. With the Social Support Program under the coordination of our Ministry and the leadership of Development Agencies, the purpose is to strengthen the human capital of the disadvantaged segments of the society and to support the social integration process in order to contribute to our national development process.

Development agencies operating within our Ministry will contribute to solve the problems of private sector investors and industrialists that they face during investment or operation period. In this respect, our Ministry, which is the patron and protector of the industrialists, will serve for the acquisition of more solution-oriented and productive regions and businesses.

In this context, besides the financial and technical support of development agencies, activities to develop institutional cooperation and to empower human capital in the region will continue. In addition, the aim of the agencies is to focus on issues such as management consultancy, institutionalization, e-commerce, digital transformation, foreign trade, lean manufacturing, clean production, energy efficiency and industrial symbiosis in order to increase the institutionalization and productivity of SMEs.

CITIES AND CIRCULAR ECONOMY
Circular economy approach introduces a new production-consumption pattern developed as an alternative to the linear model based on the classical “produce, use, dispose” method. The main objective of this approach is to develop new business models and remove economic growth from dependence on resource consumption. The concept was designed in the 1970’s with a world goal in which nothing was wasted and today it has become a priority area for policy makers.

Although there are various approaches developed to define the circular economy a holistic definition was developed by a study conducted by Kirchherr, Reike and Hekkert in 2017. Circular economy is an economic system that replaces the concept of end-of-life, and relies on business models for the reduction, reuse, recycling and recovery of materials in production, distribution and consumption processes. Within this context, the purpose is to ensure environmental quality, economic prosperity and social justice for the benefit of present and future generations in order to achieve sustainable development.

The circular economy approach advocates the application of a productive and generative perspective at all stages of production processes. In other words, the cyclical economy approach envisages that the entire system will be planned according to generation and recycling of wastes in existing production processes and use of them as input in another production process.

The transition to a circular economy reveals the necessity of redesigning market strategies that promote competitiveness and consumption of natural resources. This also requires changing consumer behaviour, regulating production processes, finding new ways of employment and reducing demand for raw materials. The circular economy approach is related to all sectors of the economy. Successful applications are found in various sectors such as the automobile industry, the food industry, the textile industry, the chemical industry and wastewater management.

The circular economy approach has also gained importance among international organizations such as the European Union (EU) and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The EU foresees that the transition to a circular economy will contribute greatly to a sustainable, low-carbon, resource-efficient and competitive economy.

In cities, there is a need to adopt a more appropriate production and consumption method in the value chain in order to alleviate the waste load. If traditional waste management and disposal practices carried out in landfill areas are not regulated, they cause environmental pollution. In this sense, cities and regions play an important role in the development and implementation of circular economic strategies. Currently, strategies have been developed to make the economy more cyclical in the European Union cities such as Paris, Brussels, London and Amsterdam and various projects have been developed with the participation of stakeholders.

In order to ensure success in the circular economy, it is of utmost importance for governments to take joint responsibility at national and local level, to state the role of stakeholders clearly and to strengthen coordination. Local governments can act for the development of cooperation between stakeholders. It is possible to contribute to cyclical approaches by developing a vision for the future through joint efforts between sectors, since important decisions have been taken in cities, especially in terms of public services, transportation, solid waste, built environment, water and energy.