New Technologies and Industries


European Bank for Reconstruction and Development - Near Zero Waste (NØW) Programme
Waste sector in Turkey constitutes 8.23 % of the country’s greenhouse gas emission. In average, this ratio has been 2-3% in countries of UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change). For a more sustainable waste management, Turkey is in need of long term financial inclusion, use of encouraging economic tools in waste management, efficient legislative arrangement and supervision, development of capacity building in technical expertise, planning and stakeholder cooperation. Sustainable incentives in waste industry would be helpful for Turkey to become an economy that is cyclical and more efficient in resource productivity.

Within this context, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development- Near Zero Waste Programme (NOW) is a strategic initiative in transition of Turkey to cyclical economy by encouraging projects in waste reduction and antipollution programmes in various sectors. Near Zero Waste Programme have four components. These are direct financing with Clean Technology Fund (CTF) for waste reduction projects, free technical support for project development, policy dialogue for awareness rising in various sectors with respect to waste reduction and information share for encouraging global best practises.

Creative Industries
Creative industries, which enable creation of new information and technology based areas with income generation capacity, are one of the dynamic factors in development and industry policies and offer important opportunities to developing countries. Creative industries have the potential of welfare and income generation with use of intellectual property rights. These industries are commonly positioned in service sector and form an important connection between industrial sector and manufacturing industry by creation of high added value with industrial production, design and automation technologies. Conceptualization of creative industries has started in mid 1990’s in Europe and has drawn attention among developing countries with value added creation in productivity, export, modernization and employment. Broadly, creative industries involve advertising, marketing, architecture and engineering services, art and antiques, industrial design, handcrafts, fashion design, movies/series interactive software (video games, animations), music, publishing, radio and television and software industry. In 2008 Creative Economy Report of UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) industries of software, publication, architecture and engineering, design, radio and television, advertising, visual arts (film, music, video and computer games, graphic design) and fashion design have been defined as creative industries.

Evaluation of Turkey’s Competitive Power in Foreign Trade: An Analysis on Manufacturing Industry

Within the direction of its duty, the Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology carry out various analyses with the purpose of creation of a sustainable production structure with high-tech methods, which is productive, environment-friendly and less dependent on foreign sources. In consequence of these analyses, in order to increase its competitive power in foreign trade, Turkey needs to increase the share and value of its manufacturing industry products in world export market. As well as competence, the production structure of our country needs to be empowered with excellence, quality and innovation principles in production process. Transformation of industrial production into a sustainable, productive, environment-friendly and less dependent structure has been crucial for our country’s development process and increase of competitive power and its share in world trade.

Clustering as an Industrial Policy: Evaluation of Rail System Clustering Case
In recent years, increase of the investments in rail systems sector around the world is remarkable because of its added value potential and technological infrastructure. Growing cooperation networks and clustering initiatives in rail systems sector have a positive influence on investments, production and marketing studies that have been carried out in rail systems since it helps to increase profits and decrease individual risks. As a consequence, rail systems sector needs to be precisely evaluated and more efficient policies for the sector are required.

From this point of view, clustering as an industrial policy, current situation of rail systems and public policies with respect to rail systems sector have been analyzed in this study. The impact of rail system clustering on enterprises has been indicated and suggestions for clustering and rail systems sector have been made.

The role of technology transfer departments in Turkey’s technology based development
Universities are best places for technology production with its research and development facilities. As long as theoretical information is efficiently transferred to industry, innovative ideas end up with more cheaper, ergonomic, practical and user-friendly products. The most effective way for transformation of knowledge from university to industry is to create an environment in which university and industry is in cooperation. In this direction, techno parks were designed as an important step to put university-industry collaboration into effect.

There are different structures that serve as interface units for technology transfer from universities to industry. These structures guide technology transfer process with professional teams and determine technology requirements of industry and carry out studies in terms of intellectual property rights, contract administration and marketing. This kind of structures gradually becomes widespread all over the world.