Contents
Archive

Public-University-Industry Cooperation

 

The activities of the Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology for Public-University-Industry Cooperation

The importance of technological and scientific progress reveals itself in transition from industrial society to information society at global level. Within this framework, it is seen that the countries, which allocate resources to science, technology, innovation and R&D, have a leading position in terms of social and economic welfare and global competition. In this regard, foundation of R&D and innovation ecosystem and its sustainability have a great contribution in development of technological and innovative capacity of the countries, accordingly in socio-economic development.

The relationship between industry and university, which are significant actors of R&D and innovation ecosystem, are defined with various ways and different perspectives are developed in this regard. In classic school of economics, government intervention to university-industry cooperation is not explained in detail; with development of new economic approaches the relationship between industry and university have become important and lead the way in development of science and technology policies. From this point of view, universities-source of knowledge-and industry –producer of innovative products- should come together with in the guidance of public sector. Considering this fact, countries that make high tech production for global markets strengthen this cooperation between industry and university continuously. The gains of this cooperation are the driving force behind legislative regulations to empower and develop the relationship between industry and university.

With the purpose of foundation of a strong R&D and innovation ecosystem for scientific and technological development, the Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology carry on important studies and programs with its relevant institutions and organizations -TÜBİTAK and KOSGEB-.Within this scope, Public-University-Industry Cooperation Strategy and Action Plan of Turkey (2015-2018) has been prepared and put into action. In addition to this, the studies concerning Technology Development Zones, which has been the institutional interface of university-industry cooperation, and private sector R&D and Design Centres, are carried out. In the meantime, 1503- Project Markets Support Program and 1505- University-Industry Cooperation Support Programme prepared and coordinated by TÜBİTAK and other support programmes are developed. Also, SME Technological Product Investment Support Programme, which is mass production of technological products as a result of R&D and innovation, and R&D, Innovation and Industrial Implementation Support Programme are coordinated by KOSGEB, the relevant institution of the Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology.

Furthermore, with the aim of providing a sustainable and efficient structure for Public-University-Industry Cooperation (PUIC), a survey study has been conducted in 81 provinces with participation of 1398 people under the coordination of Ministry of Science, Technology and Industry by provincial directorates for science, industry and technology and the study group for PUIC.


Current Situation Analysis of Public-University-Industry Cooperation in Turkey
Technologic development and information production are the activities that require a considerable amount of capital investment. These activities are usually financed by public support programs to a large extent in the past and in present-day conditions. Because of the fact that there is a growing competition in terms of access to public funds and support programs, researchers in universities have to find alternative resources and sponsors for their projects. In this way, the support and contribution of industry sector to R&D activities of universities have increased and the cooperation between industry and university is strengthened. Universities provide R&D, innovation, qualified human resources and information production for the industry and can make a great contribution to the enterprises in global competition by development of cooperation opportunities between industry and university.

University-industry cooperation is significant in terms of its impact on regional and national economic development by efficient and rational use of resources. This cooperation brings opportunities for increase in productivity and production of quality products at low costs.

Within the scope of Public-University-Industry Cooperation in Turkey, different units and structures such as Techno parks, R&D Centres, University-Industry Cooperation Centres, Clustering Study Groups, Technology Transfer Offices, Career Planning Centres, student projects, associations, chambers and agencies carry out their plans, projects and activities in this regard.

Since regional differences in our country are not usually taken into consideration, R&D and innovation strategies are planned with macroeconomic perspective. Therefore, the impact of the strategies and policies on the regions and sub regions, where various social and economic differences do exist, are not the same and it is not reasonable to expect similar results. Within this framework, it is important to identify whether Public-University-Industry Cooperation differ at regional and sector-specific level or not in formation of new policies. In this regard, with the aim of providing a sustainable and efficient structure for Public-University-Industry Cooperation (PUIC), a survey study has been conducted in 81 provinces with participation of 1398 people under the coordination of Ministry of Science, Technology and Industry by provincial directorates for science, industry and technology and the study group for PUIC. The study has been planned under four categories (PUIC study group, firms in industry, university representatives and public managers) and both Level 2 sub regions and leading sectors were specified and taken into consideration in an elaborate way.

In current circumstances, major problems in Public-University-Industry Cooperation are identified as working problems in the units and miscommunication. Another problem is defined as the wrong methodology with respect to macroeconomic perspective and the parties are in expectation of new models.


A new model proposal with respect to empowerment of Public-University-Industry Cooperation
In order to provide a sustainable and efficient structure for Public-University-Industry Cooperation (PUIC) activities and to analyze the current situation, a survey study has been conducted in 81 provinces with participation of 1398 people under the coordination of Ministry of Science, Technology and Industry by provincial directorates for science, industry and technology and the study group for PUIC. As a result of this study, a new model has been proposed for Public-University-Industry Cooperation (PUIC), which is based on R&D and innovation ecosystem potential of the cities and consideration of regional differences in practice, with the contributions of the participants from public sector , university and industry.

PUIC studies has been carried out since 2015 with in the scope of 81 provinces involving similar activities for each province under the coordination of the Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology. This study not only points out the regional differences between the cities that have developed industrial infrastructure and less industrialized ones in terms of their R&D and innovation ecosystem potential but also underlines implementation problems in less developed regions. Within this framework, the objective of this new model proposal is to identify the current situation of the cities in terms of Public-University-Industry Cooperation by formation of PUIC indexes for each province in Turkey and to develop policy recommendations.

The data from Directorate for Science and Technology, Enterpreneur Information System (GBS), TÜBİTAK (Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey) and KOSGEB (Small and Medium Enterprises Development Organization) and YÖK (Council of Higher Education) was used in this new model study. 50 criteria were used to create and calculate R&D and Innovation Indexes and 24 criteria were taken into account in calculation of PUIC Implementation Index.

Good practice cases for Public-University-Industry Cooperation
Public-University-Industry Cooperation Strategy and Action Plan of Turkey (2015-2018) with effective date of 27/06/2015 has been published in Official Gazette no 29399 and PUIC Study Group has been founded with participation of public institutions & organizations, universities, industrial enterprises, non-governmental organizations and academics from 81 provinces with the aim of coordination and direction of PUIC activities between the parties. Within this framework of PUIC, the objective of the study group is to develop cooperation culture between the parties, to make contribution to industry sector by carrying out qualified R&D and Innovation projects for process improvement and high value added production. In line with this purpose, good practice cases that create added value for industry are as follows: Project for Capacity Building in Eskişehir Regional Exports, Çorum R&D Study Group, Innovative Wire Production in Amasya, Study for Creation of PUIC Training Module in Kütahya, Adıyaman University Researcher Field of Interest Catalogue, Identtification of Main Factors in Increasing the number of R&D and Design Centres in Tekirdağ.